It injured more than 1,000 people and packed winds of more than 200 mph. Aerial view of Joplin Tornado Damage captured during a Missouri National Guard Recon flight in a UH-60. [42], The Joplin Globe reported that 54 percent of the people died in their residences, 32 percent died in non-residential areas and 14 percent died in vehicles or outdoors. The tornado tracked eastward across the city, and then continued east… Steel beams and pieces of fencing were deeply embedded into the ground in fields near the high school as well, steel fence posts were bent to the ground in opposite directions, and a school bus was thrown into a nearby bus garage. Weaving together dozens of professional and amateur archival sources, along with dramatic interviews with the people behind the cameras, Witness: Joplin Tornado reconstructs the deadliest tornado in modern times, through the eyes of those who lived through it. JOPLIN, Missouri -- On Sunday, May 22, a powerful tornado ravaged parts of Joplin, Missouri, killing 141 people as the powerful storm destroyed more than 2,000 buildings. Joplin officials after the tornado announced plans to require hurricane ties or other fasteners between the houses and their foundations (devices add about $600 US to the construction costs). Five fatalities were caused by loss of backup power,[11] and the nine-story building was so damaged that it was deemed structurally compromised, and was later torn down. [55], Along with the Tri-State Tornado and the 1896 St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado, it ranks as one of Missouri's and America's deadliest tornadoes and is also the costliest single tornado in U.S. history ($2.8 billion). Numerous homes, businesses, and medical buildings were flattened in this area, with concrete walls collapsed and crushed into the foundations. DHSS assisted local public health authorities and environmental staff in childhood lead surveillance and prioritized lead contaminated property clean-up. This particular tornado was unusual in that it intensified in strength and grew larger in size at a very fast rate. The health department conducted door-to-door checks on residents and addressed medical needs, such as prioritizing ventilator-dependent patients for power restoration. [12] Virtually every house near McClelland Boulevard and 26th Street was flattened; some were swept completely away, and trees sustained severe debarking. It also ranks as the costliest single tornado in U.S. history; the insurance payout was $2.8 billion, the highest in Missouri history, with the previous record of $2 billion being the April 10, 2001, hail storm. [6] A large church, Greenbriar Nursing Home, Franklin Technology Center, St. Mary's Catholic Church and School, and Joplin High School were all destroyed along this corridor. Cars that originated at the Home Depot parking lot were found hundreds of yards away. [6][13], The tornado then continued on an east to east-southeast trajectory towards Interstate 44 where it weakened; nonetheless, vehicles were blown off the highway and mangled near the U.S. Route 71 (Exit 11) interchange. Two thousand buildings, including a major hospital, were damaged or destroyed. [45] Researchers concluded that the inability to find EF5 damage was due to the absence of construction standards that were able to determine the necessary wind speeds. On May 22, 2011, an EF-5 tornado carved a four-mile path through Joplin, MO. Societal Aspects of Risk Perception and Warning Response A major portion of the Joplin Tornado Service Assessment was dedicated to understanding the societal response to NWS warnings and external local warning systems. Several 300-pound concrete parking stops anchored with rebar were torn from a parking lot in this area and were thrown up to 60 yards away. 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