She was born about 752. Same Vita Irenes, 'La vie de l'impératrice Sainte Irène', ed. 42759397, citing Constantinople, Monastery of St Euphrosyne, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey ; Maintained by Find A Grave . Her feast day is August 9. Corrections? Leo, however, was a steadfast iconoclastwho, according to tradition, found that Irene possessed icons and thereafter would no longer … Irene of Byzantium (752-9 August 803) was the Empress of the Byzantine Empire from 797 to 802, succeeding Constantine VI of Byzantium and preceding Nicephorus I of Byzantium. According to the contemporary Byzantine historian Theophanes, the scheme was frustrated by one of Irene’s favourites. Portraits [] Irene was born to a noble Greekfamily of Athens, the Sarantapechos family. She was brought to Constantinople by Emperor Constantine V on 1 November 769, and was married to his son Leo IV on 17 December. In the meantime, having taken Theodote, Irene's lady-in-waiting, as mistress, Constantine arranged that Theodote be crowned augusta, a title which Maria was not granted, and then married her. Rivalries in court also intensified. Irene was related to the noble Greek Sarantapechos family of Athens. Irene had taken a hands-off attitude with Constantine's handling of his marriage. The marriage, however, was very unpopular with the Church, because its legality was seriously questioned. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Britannica Explores. Please leave this field empty Subscribe to our weekly newsletter and join She had Tarasius, one of her supporters, elected patriarch of Constantinople and then summoned a general church council on the subject. When it comes to Irene of Athens, who ruled the Byzantine Empire at the turn of the 9 th century, iconoclasm was fine as long as it wasn’t for religious reasons. Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. F. Halkin, Analecta Bollandiana, 106 (1988) 5-27; see also W.T. Information and translations of irene of athens in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the Born in Athens of a Greek noble family, between the years of 750 and 755, little is known regarding Irene Sarantapechaina's life before ascending to the Byzantine throne. Irene of Athens (780-802), Solidus, Constantinople, AD 797-802 AV (g 4,41; mm 19; h 6) Bust of Irene facing, wearing loros and crown with cross, pinnacles and pendilia, holding a globus cruciger and a cross tipped sceptre, Rv. Irene was a strong iconodule. Irene (c. 752 - 9 August 803) was a Byzantine empress (although she called herself basileus, the male form of the word "emperor," rather than basilissa, "empress") from 797 to 802. Although she was an orphan, her uncle or cousin Constantine Sarantapechos was a patrician and was possibly strategos of the theme of Hellas at the end of the 8th century. Irene of Athensの意味や使い方 エイレーネー (東ローマ女帝)エイレーネー“アテナイア”(ギリシア語:Ἐιρήνη ἡ Ἀθηναία, Eirēnē hē Athēnaiā、752年 - 803年8月9日)は、東ローマ帝国イサウリ... - 約1171万語ある英和辞典・和英辞典。 Since Irene didn’t have any siblings, she must have had quite a lonely childhood being shuttled from one house to another. As Constantine approached maturity, he grew resentful of his mother’s controlling influence in the empire. Irene Serantapechaina, known as Irene of Athens or Irene the Athenian (Greek: Ειρήνη η Αθηναία, "Eirēnē") (c. 752 – August 9, 803) was a Byzantine empress regnant from 797 to 802, having previously been Empress consort from Irene was also known for her generous financial policies, which were especially friendly to monasteries. Omissions? The council affirmed the principle of veneration of icons and declared iconoclasm a heresy. She gave birth to a son, Constantine, on January 14, 771. The first woman ever to hold the throne of the Roman Caesars in her own right, however illegally, the empress Irene was born to an obscure but Before becoming empress, she was consort to Leo IV from 775 to 780 and empress dowager from 780 to 797. She was also known to have initiated the Second Council of Nicea. Irene of Athens - Champion of Orthodoxy and the Birth of the Welfare State. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Irene of Athens (c.752–803), Find a Grave Memorial no. Ruling alone, Irene reigned from 797 to 802, calling herself basileus (βασιλεύς), "emperor," rather than basilissa (βασίλισσα), "empress." Learning from the experience in Constantinople, Irene arranged that the council in 787 would be away from the capital, in Nicea, which incidentally was the site of Constantine the Great's council of 325. Irene of Athens Tuesday, January 1, 752 Irene of Athens is the most famous person named Irene. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Irene-Byzantine-empress-752-803, Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors - Biography of Constantine VI and Irene. However, Irene broke off the engagement in 788, over her son's objections. Irene of Athens is one of the Great People specifically a Great Merchant in Civilization VI. Irene, (born c. 752, Athens—died Aug. 9, 803, Lesbos), Byzantine ruler and saint of the Greek Orthodox Church who was instrumental in restoring the use of icons in the Eastern Roman Empire. Soldiers stationed in that city that of a Greek noble family known have! Irene gave birth to a son, Constantine found it necessary to the. Themeof Hellas which were especially friendly to monasteries opened diplomatic relations with the emperor. Proclaimed sole ruler and his mother ’ s favourites agreeing to news, offers, was! Subscription and gain access to exclusive content Maria and forced her to become a nun Athens about the 752... 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