However, these spiders are shy, retreating, and not aggressive. It plays a significant role in the food and nutrition security of local communities. Source PROTA. This reduces the bitterness. Among the Kisii it is mandatory for women to use this before and after childbirth, circumcised boys must eat it and it is served to important visitors (P Maundu et al., 1999). Aphids feed by sucking plant sap. (AVRDC; Chweya and Mnzava, 1997). Aim: Raising awareness of the nutritional characteristics of the spider plant (Cleome gynandra) and promoting its cultivation and consumption in Benin and Kenya. A Beginners Guide to Onion Farming in Kenya Jul 22nd 2016 50 percent of the red onions in Kenya are imported from Tanzania, as indicated by Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO) 2014 report.... Continue reading → This project has been finalized. Flowering is delayed when adequate manure is available, allowing more, larger leaves to be harvested. Shallow cultivation or hand-pulling of weeds should be practised (Chweya and Mnzava, 1997) Spider plant responds well to well-decomposed manure. The same analysis will be conducted in 2016 for 52 varieties selected from the collections of the University of Abomey-Calavi and the KENRIK Centre for Biodiversity. The crop grows well during the warm season under irrigation. The manual will therefore be useful to all stakeholders in the potato industry wishing to learn more about the crop. These leaves can be dried and stored for later use, usually as a relish eaten with maize meal. Mgagani (Swahili), Thageti (Kikuyu), Tsisaka (Luhya), Alot-dek (Luo), Saget (Kalenjin), Chinsaga (Kisii), Mwianzo (Kamba), Jjobyu (Luganda), Yobyu (Lusoga), African cabbage, African spider flower, African spider plant, Spider wisp, Cat's whiskers, (c) Courtesy EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org): Roger P. Ellis, Unless otherwise stated, all content on the Infonet Biovision Website is licensed under a, General Information and Agronomic Aspects, Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Disease (TYLCV), Bio-pesticide: Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis), Indigenous vegetable production and utilization, Organic Resource Management in Kenya: Perspectives and Guidelines. High in vitamins and micronutrients, spider plant contributes to a healthy diet for many rural Africans with limited food budgets. To increase the adoption of new varieties and technologies to grow them, Hortitechs Development selected twelve pilot farmers from 3 municipalities in Benin. Biopesticides are derived from micro-organisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc), plants (neem, pyrethrum, etc) and natural enemies of pests (parasitoids, predators and pathogens). Heavy attack on older plants may cause crop loss by decreasing flower and capsule production. Spider plant is commonly found throughout East and Southern Africa during the rainy season. About four g of seed per m2 or 40 kg per ha are required. The plant is either cultivated or harvested from the wild. In Kenya, a protocol for a systematic evaluation of Spider plant’s drought tolerance was developed in collaboration with farmers. Objective: Contribute to improved food and nutritional security for local communities and increased livelihoods for farmers. 2003. National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi. Cleome gynandra is one of the most promising African leafy vegetables consumed in most parts of Africa. Summary of the results: Cleome gynandra is a neglected and underutilized leafy vegetable with strong potential for improved nutrition and health in Africa. Flea beetle Phyllotreta mashonana feeding on young okra pod. and Mnzava N.A. This will help to select the most nutritious varieties. Livestock production as a whole contributes about 13.4 percent (USD 3.1 billion) to agricultural value added (cattle being the most important contributor) (KNBS, 2017). Maundu, P.M., Ngugi, G.W. (1999). The spider plants are erect herbs growing to a height of ½ -1metre depending on management. Spider plant is sensitive to cold and does not grow well when temperatures drop below 15 degC. It is therefore essential that seedbeds are kept weed-free at all times, but especially during the first six weeks. Because aphid populations are generally clumped within fields, each field should be uniformly sampled. When repeated at regular intervals, this method knocks aphid populations down to acceptable levels. This ethnobotanics research will be used to prepare factsheets and brochures with recipe ideas and information about the nutraceutical properties. The highest yield was obtained when plants were transplanted at around 450,000 plants per hectare and cut every two weeks. There, find links to more plants belonging to the same family. Cutting tender stems (Week 14-16): This is commonly done There are no records of plant diseases, possibly as a result of natural plant selection (EcoPort: Wilfried Baudoin). In order to develop the best agronomic practices for higher leaf yields, the team conducted field trials with the most promising varieties in Benin. Usually cooked with other vegetables such as cowpeas, amaranth (Luhya, Pokot, Luo) and spider plant (Pokot). Ⓒ Courtesy EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org): Roger P. Ellis. The plant has edible leaves; each leaf has up to 7 leaflets spreading like fingers, which are usually 2-10 cm long and 2-4 cm wide. The flowers are rather showy, long and bearing many small white or pink flowers. Organic manure is applied and worked into the soil. Availability: In Stock & Ready to Ship. Harvest the young spider plant leaves including the stem tips then remove the leaf stalks. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars will be developed in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. November 21, 2013. The Australian New Crops Newsletter, Issue No. Adult wingless females are oval-bodied, 1-2 mm in body length, of very variable colour. Spider Plants for Sale Online. Chweya J.A. Experiments were also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities. Apply a strong jet of water to dislodge aphids from attacked plants. and Kabuye, C.H.S. Seeds should be kept in a dry, closed container for at least three months to reduce dormancy (AVRDC). Researchers explored the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leaf yield. When rainfall is inadequate, frequent watering is necessary during the vegetative growth period (Chweya and Mnzava,1997; Savala et al, 2003). Covering the seedbed with a fine-mesh material is useful to protect seedlings. Spider plant is commonly found throughout East and Southern Africa during the rainy season. Plants require water two or three times a week. 270 pp. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars were selected in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. It is a fast-growing plant that is ready for harvest in as few as three weeks. Spider plants produce a rosette of long, thin, arched foliage that is solid green or variegated with white.These easy-to-grow houseplants look especially nice in a hanging basket and were a favorite in Victorian-era households. Thinning is done three weeks after emergence to leave 10 to 15 cm between plants (EcoPort). The characteristic symptom of flea beetle attack is small, round holes all over the leaf surface. This may be eaten with apoth (Asystasia mysorensis) as mboga. Dairy cattle production in Kenya is the second largest contributor to the agricultural GDP (Kosgey et al., 2011). Periods of drought will hasten development of flowers and lower the yields. Leaves are boiled, butter added and eaten along with ugali made from finger millet flour. Optimum yields could be obtained with an application of 20 to 30 tons of manure per hectare. Testing panels and farmers’ field schools were also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. Aphids tend to be more common along upwind field borders and next to other leafy vegetable crops or weeds; so initial sampling should be focused in these areas. 2. Emergence is normally from 6 to 8 days after sowing. Ladybird beetles, lacewings, hover fly larvae, parasitic wasps and naturally occurring aphid diseases are common and effective natural enemies of aphids. The Spider Plant is an excellent air-purifying house plant and very easy to grow. Damage may also reduce seed viability. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. Updated 28 November 2018. They are unpleasant to look at and their webs can cause a mess. Many herbs are able to thrive in conditions under which other plants and vegetables are unable to grow … After several successive leaf harvestings, the plants are left to flower and produce seeds. Next add 1/4 litre of dilute coconut milk and boil for 10 minutes. Where possible, roots should be placed in water overnight to absorb moisture. New knowledge will be generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. It requires exposure to sunlight and does not do well in the shade. The local names for these vegetables are chisaka, saka, thageti, esaka, chisaga and isakiat. Cat's whiskers. Through this initiative, the first wide West Africa collection of the species established and Kenyan collection improved. This encourages the development of side shoots. Aphids (Myzus persicae). Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. From Button to Common House Spider, we can give you more information about these creatures to help you get over your fears. The team collected data about the agronomic performance as well as farmers’ perceptions on Spider plant cultivation during two growing seasons. Kenya Electricity Hydro-Power Generation to Fall to 45% in 2014; Kenya Ranked Eighth Largest Global Geothermal Producer; State Plans Two More Hydro-Electric Power Dams On Tana River This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 18:57 (UTC). The leaves are usually cooked when fresh but may also be dried and stored for up to two years although this practice greatly reduces the crop's nutrition value. (EcoPort: Wilfried Baudoin). Add 1 teaspoon of salt then vegetables and boil over a medium fire for 10 minutes. Small aphid populations may be relatively harmless, but heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled leaves, stunted growth and deformed pods. Sprinkle water on heaps of produce sparingly. The crop grows well during the warm season under irrigation. This helps controlling low, initial infestations. The harvested shoots are kept in a bag without water during the night. It may be planted on traditional raised or flat beds. », Please download the factsheet with interim findings of this Applied Research Fund Call 1 project. », ARF country workshop in Cotonou, Benin (October 29, 2016), Food & Business Applied Research Fund Call 2 projects workshop in Benin (October 26-28, 2016), First Food & Business Applied Research ARF & CRF projects workshop in Uganda (September 29, 2015), Prof. dr. ME (Eric) Schranz of Wageningen UR (June 18, 2015), ARF-1 final factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa, ARF-1 midterm factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa (Benin and Kenya), Leaflet "Contribution of spider plant home gardens to household food security and income in Southern Benin", Leaflet "Introduction of spider plant in urban and peri-urban vegetable production systems in Benin", Technical leaflet "Best agricultural practices for the cultivation of spider plant", "Association between vitamin content, plant morphology and geographical origin in a worldwide collection of the orphan crop Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Enhancing growth and leaf yield in Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. In the following morning, the shoots are dipped in water for 30 minutes. Farmers practising organic conservation farming in Kakamega have been observed incorporating leaves and stems of bitter plants in the soil with the aim of keeping off nematodes in vegetable gardens. 11, January 1999. Its lovely arching flower stems are best displayed as a hanging plant. The crop is a rich source of vitamins A and C and minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium and protein. Kenya's native plants include the Meru Oak and the Parasol Tree, both of which are threatened endemic species.The country has diversified plant life that occurs in different parts of the country from the coastal regions to the savannah grassland areas and the highland forests. Control of T. evansi has been a big challenge to tomato farmers due to its fast rate of reproduction, development of resistance to chemical pesticides and its ability to use weeds as alternative hosts when the tomato plants are not … The elongate fruit resembles a pod, but is referred to as a capsule, containing many small, dark seeds. In Benin, Niger, Togo and Ghana, recipes and traditional uses were collected among 32 ethnic groups. CHART 11: Harvesting spider plant vegetable Spider plant is ready for harvesting starting from 45-60 days after germination. Propagation is done by seed. Seeds should be sown at the onset of rainfall. Here’s how to grow spider plants in your home! The highest yield was obtained when plants were transplanted at around 450,000 plants per hectare and cut every two weeks. Spider plant is an erect herbaceous annual herb with hairy, often purple stems and many branches growing to a height of about one metre. Plants are brought to the market with their roots attached; roots are removed just before selling to maintain freshness. Leaves (often with flowers) widely used as vegetable in Kenya, especially in western and coastal regions. President Uhuru Kenyatta inaugurated the Volkswagen production line at Kenya Vehicle Manufacturers Limited in Thika. When leaves are cooked, mash in pot and add oil (or cow fat). Spider plant exists as semi-cultivated indigenous leafy vegetable with ecological, social and cultural values in most home gardens in Kenya. Nutritious, high-yielding and adapted cultivars of spider plant will be made available for vegetable production systems in Benin and Kenya at the end of this project. (1997). – A banana plant takes around 8-12 months to reach maturity, while a fruit takes roughly 90-150 days to be ready for harvesting, the fruit is light green in color and has shiny appearance. Spider plant is sensitive to cold and does not grow well when temperatures drop below 15 degC. You will thus expeditiously see that every inquiry can be answered by a bureau competent in video marketing in Kenya. (AVRDC). More people are aware of the nutritional and medicinal qualities of the plant and integrate it into their eating habits. After digging, the soil is harrowed to a fine tilth. But calledmwangani in Swahili, spider plant is highly nutritious and is well adapted to many African ecosystems. Year 3: To stimulate the cultivation of the nutritious Spider plant in West- and East Africa, the research team first collected and documented 164 wild and cultivated Spider plant varieties (accessions) in West Africa and 59 varieties in Kenya. It requires a well-prepared seedbed without weeds and dug to a depth of about 15 cm followed by a light harrowing. Pests and diseases are not usually serious and spraying with insecticides is not recommended even when aphids appear to become problematic. Nutritious, high-yielding and adapted cultivars of spider plant will be made available for vegetable production systems in Benin and Kenya at the end of this project. (AVRDC). Onyango CM, Kunyanga CN, Ontita EG, Narla RD, Kimenju JW. and Woomer, P.L. Wash the leaves with clean water and cut into small pieces. In East Africa, fresh leaves are used as ingredients in other mashed foods, and the dried leaves are ground and incorporated in weaning foods. This ARF project has been finalized and has published its final results, confirming that there is a growing demand in spider plant in urban areas. This manual is a guide in the production of potatoes in Kenya, focusing on ware production. Experiments are also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities. The appropriate bed length depends on the amount of the crop to be grown, but may not exceed three metres. Young leaves of spider plant are widely used as spinach in Africa. In Kenya, it grows from sea level to 2400 metres (Savala et al, 2013). Upscaling cultivation of Cleome gynandra in urban and peri-urban areas provides now an additional source of income for farmers and seed companies and a source of health-beneficial compounds for consumers. The seedbed is then levelled before planting. Each image is a thumb-link for more information about that plant. Plants can be grown on flat beds or on traditional raised beds, which are normally one m wide. Destroy aphids by rubbing them off, or by gently pressing the infested stems or leaves between your fingers. Participatory varietal selection will be carried out with farmers and consumers in Benin and Kenya. (EcoPort) Seeds can be extracted when the pods are fully ripe (yellow or black), but before they open naturally. The spider plant was reported to be grown mainly for home consumption (57%) and income generation (43%). It has been reported that full-grown plants of sunnhemp placed between bags of maize have the effect of keeping away all insects. Topping and removing inflorescences as soon as they appear are other practices that increase leaf production for harvesting. In Kenya, it grows from sea level to 2400 metres (Savala et al, 2013). To mix with other vegetables, boil Amaranth leaves and spider plant separately. This food is rich in magnesium and iron, as well as nicotinic acid. All the respondents indicated that spider plant is grown for subsistence and 70% of the farmers allocated 5-30% of their land for its cultivation. Growers harvest the ripe capsules at the end of rainy season, to save seed for the next crop (AVRDC). insect sex pheromes), enzymes (proteins) and natural plant regulators and insect growth regulators. Using a separate sufuria pot fry onions till brown, add tomatoes then vegetables and 1/4 litre of thick coconut milk (or fresh cow's milk), then cook for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally. Geographical Distribution of Spider Plant in Africa. Root infusion used for chest pain (Makueni); vegetable a cure for constipation (Luo). Black Button Spiders can inject strong neurotoxic venom, potentially causing heart palpitations, severe anxiety, chest pains and difficulty breathing. Traditional Food Plants in Kenya. Water obtained after boiling leaves is used to treat diarrhea (Luo) (P Maundu et al., 1999). This crop grows rapidly and requires weeding only in the open space between the rows. (Eds.). Variation in anthocyanin Farmers are known to take appropriate steps to adapt only when they perceive change to be taking place. Aims: Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) is one of the most important traditional vegetables in Kenya, albeit underutilized. The adults vary in colour from shiny black or metallic grey to black with yellow stripes on the wing cases. Prof. Dorcas K. Isutsa, (Chuka University) 2. Weeding in and around fields may help to eliminate flea beetle shelters and breeding sites, reducing crop damage. They are common in western Kenya, Nyanza and major urban markets in the country. Remove and destroy infested leaves. In case of monocropping, which is more common, the tops are removed 10 cm from the ground. Kenyan horticulturists could see a comeback in the market for aromatic herbs and this is due to two important factors: a growing demand for herbs on the export market and the agricultural reintroduction of indigenous herbal ingredients for Kenyan cuisine. Upscaling cultivation of Cleome gynandra in urban and peri-urban areas will provide an additional source of income for farmers and seed companies and a source of health-beneficial compounds for consumers. Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum) is a clean air plant that suits any decor. Aphids can be serious pests during dry weather. By themselves leaves are bitter. Transplanting has proved unsuccessful. Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. The team also documented 52 recipes from 23 ethnic groups in 21 counties in Kenya. Method: Screening of a worldwide collection of spider plant for nutritive value, drought resistance and leaf yield will be conducted and new varieties will be developed using genomics assisted breeding. Leaves mixed with those of kandhira (Brassica carinata) are boiled, made into lumps, dried in the sun and stored in a clay pot (agulu) as a dry-season food (Luo). "Current status on production and utilization of spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) an underutilized leafy vegetable in Kenya." Testing panels and farmers’ field schools are also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. The first harvests consist of thinned plants. Seeds are sown directly in a well prepared seedbed. In general, however, any advice that relates to high yield and quality tuber production is applicable to seed potato seed production too. – Also to ensure that the plant is not affected by diseases one should pluck the drying leaves. Place into a pot containing 1/4 litre of water. When raised beds are used, application of organic manure is delayed until the beds have been dug (Chweya and Mnzava,1997). Quick description Grown for its leaves Very nutritious vegetable Long harvesting period ... Kenya Seed Agent Application Form (809 downloads) Kenya Seed Products Catalogue (3017 downloads) Rapport GTB-1130 Vegetable chains in Kenya Production and consumption of vegetables in the Nairobi metropolis Carin van der Lans1, Harriëtte Snoek2, Fannie de Boer3 and Anne Elings1 1 Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture 2 Wageningen UR Agricultural Economics Research Institute 3 Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innnovation 2013;60(6). In Kenya, Latrodectus renivulvatus seems to be the only species present. Understanding farmers’ perceptions of how the climate is changing is vital to anticipating its impacts. Aphids are a major pest, causing leaves to curl and become unattractive to customers. The objective of this study was therefore to evaluate spider plant germplasm for agronomic traits pertinent to seed and vegetable production. Text is … The crop can be harvested in two ways: 1. The species is a fast-growing vegetable and medicinal plant, rich in phytonutrients and an important source of income for some rural communities in Southern Benin. In case of a mixed cultivation with amaranths or nightshades, spider plants are uprooted to make more space for the companion crop. The country List of various diseases cured by Indian Spider Plant. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Indian Spider Plant. Savala, C.E.N., Omare, M.N. Variation in anthocyanin Conserve natural enemies. Wageningen UR tested spider plant germplasm for variation in anthocyanin production and nutritional characteristics. Flea beetles are tiny to small with enlarged hindlegs that enable them to jump long distance when disturbed. Names of Indian Spider Plant in various languages of the world are also given. Spider plant is a poor competitor with weeds. Duration: January 2015 – January 2018. Researchers are exploring the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leafyield. Some farmers mix the seeds with sand when broadcasting them. Knowledge will be generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Kenya Resource Centre for Indigenous Knowledge. Pilot farmers The majority of spiders in Kenya don't cause much harm. Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) is an important African leafy vegetable (ALV) that has been used by local African communities as a source of nutrition in their diets for many years.The plant has recently attracted an increasing demand for its highly nutritive and health promoting bioactive compounds important in combating malnutrition and reducing human degenerative diseases. The spider mite Tetranychus evansi has a broad range of host plants. spider plant for Benin and Kenya markets. In western Kenya, milk is added and preferably left overnight in a pot. This page presents a representative sample of a very few Kenya plant species. The above provides 4 to 6 medium portions. Plants do not have dense foliage, and as such are unable to compete with weeds. The researchers assessed the quantitative variation in carotenoids, tocopherols and chlorophylls in 48 varieties. Spider plant is used as a vegetable, and as such adds important nutrients to the diet in rural areas of East and Southern Africa. Dutch policy goals: Increased sustainable agricultural production; and Improved access to nutrition. Check the plants regularly. When cooked, mix both then mash in one pot. Also included under biopesticides are semiochemicals (e.g. The leaves are eaten as a cooked green vegetable, have a mildly bitter taste and contain 5% protein, 6% carbohydrates and are high in vitamins A and C, calcium, phosphorus and iron. Spider plant originated in Africa and Tropical Asia but now has a worldwide distribution. How Indian Spider Plant is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It thrives on sandy loam soils but does not perform well on wet, marshy and heavy clay soils. Characterization of selected spider plant accessions from Kenya and South Africa was performed in order to individuate those with distinct morphological traits for future improvement programs. Uprooting (Week 11-13): This is mostly done in commercial production by uprooting the whole plant. Weed control at early growth stages is critical. Plants, particularly young plants, may dry out and die under heavy aphid attack. The leaves and seeds of spider plant are used in indigenous medicine in several countries. Indigenous Spider Plant (saga/saget) 135 KSh. These pathways also act as drainage channels during the very wet season, as plants do not withstand waterlogging. Harvesting is repeated several times, depending on the soil fertility and moisture conditions. (contributed by Maryam Imbumi in Organic Resource Management in Kenya, 2003). At the top left of each page the user should find a hierarchal menu including a link to the family classification of the plant discussed. Spider plant is believed to replenish blood and therefore referred to as a "traditional meat" by some Kenyan communities (Chweya and Mnzava, 1997; Savala et al, 2003). Photographic images and information about spiders and other Arachnids in the East Africa nation of Kenya Despite the numerous nutritive benefits and ethnopharmacological uses of the plant, C. … This ensures availability of adequate soil moisture throughout the growth period. SANBI: South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa. (Cleomaceae) using agronomic practices to accelerate crop domestication", "Drivers of Management of Spider Plant (Gynandropsis gynandra) Across Different Socio-linguistic Groups in Benin and Togo", "A roadmap for breeding orphan leafy vegetable species: a case study of Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Launch of the spider plant project in Benin", "Better understanding of the evolution of photosynthesis with cleome research", Biosystematics Group, Wageningen University, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, KENRICK, Centre for Biodiversity, National Museums of Kenya. Is applied and worked into the soil near the host plant affected by one... Of aphids emergence is normally from 6 to 8 days after sowing can be dried and stored later... Flowers are rather showy, long and bearing many small, dark seeds: //www.ecoport.org ): is... Seed production too to all stakeholders in the country CHART 11: harvesting spider plant is recommended! 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