Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. Nutritious, high-yielding and adapted cultivars of spider plant will be made available for vegetable production systems in Benin and Kenya at the end of this project. This encourages the development of side shoots. Growers harvest the ripe capsules at the end of rainy season, to save seed for the next crop (AVRDC). Through this initiative, the first wide West Africa collection of the species established and Kenyan collection improved. (AVRDC). It may be planted on traditional raised or flat beds. Names of Indian Spider Plant in various languages of the world are also given. It requires a well-prepared seedbed without weeds and dug to a depth of about 15 cm followed by a light harrowing. Source PROTA. Plants, particularly young plants, may dry out and die under heavy aphid attack. Organic manure is applied and worked into the soil. Updated 28 November 2018. Black Button Spiders can inject strong neurotoxic venom, potentially causing heart palpitations, severe anxiety, chest pains and difficulty breathing. Seeds are sown directly in a well prepared seedbed. Plants require water two or three times a week. This food is rich in magnesium and iron, as well as nicotinic acid. The larvae generally feed on the plant roots, but usually do not cause economic damage. Spider plant is commonly found throughout East and Southern Africa during the rainy season. November 21, 2013. Traditional Food Plants in Kenya. and Kabuye, C.H.S. It is best served with chapati, rice or ugali. President Uhuru Kenyatta inaugurated the Volkswagen production line at Kenya Vehicle Manufacturers Limited in Thika. Emergence is normally from 6 to 8 days after sowing. Uprooting (Week 11-13): This is mostly done in commercial production by uprooting the whole plant. Spider plants produce a rosette of long, thin, arched foliage that is solid green or variegated with white.These easy-to-grow houseplants look especially nice in a hanging basket and were a favorite in Victorian-era households. Chweya J.A. Method: Screening of a worldwide collection of spider plant for nutritive value, drought resistance and leaf yield will be conducted and new varieties will be developed using genomics assisted breeding. (1997). The crop is a rich source of vitamins A and C and minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium and protein. Flea beetles are tiny to small with enlarged hindlegs that enable them to jump long distance when disturbed. Indigenous Spider Plant (saga/saget) 135 KSh. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars will be developed in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. In Kenya, a protocol for a systematic evaluation of Spider plant’s drought tolerance was developed in collaboration with farmers. Dairy cattle production in Kenya is the second largest contributor to the agricultural GDP (Kosgey et al., 2011). (contributed by Maryam Imbumi in Organic Resource Management in Kenya, 2003). Biopesticides are derived from micro-organisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc), plants (neem, pyrethrum, etc) and natural enemies of pests (parasitoids, predators and pathogens). The above provides 4 to 6 medium portions. These pathways also act as drainage channels during the very wet season, as plants do not withstand waterlogging. But calledmwangani in Swahili, spider plant is highly nutritious and is well adapted to many African ecosystems. When cooked, mix both then mash in one pot. and Woomer, P.L. Leaves (often with flowers) widely used as vegetable in Kenya, especially in western and coastal regions. Weeding in and around fields may help to eliminate flea beetle shelters and breeding sites, reducing crop damage. Spider plant is used as a vegetable, and as such adds important nutrients to the diet in rural areas of East and Southern Africa. Leaves are boiled, butter added and eaten along with ugali made from finger millet flour. Aphids feed by sucking plant sap. The majority of spiders in Kenya don't cause much harm. Seeds should be sown at the onset of rainfall. The country By themselves leaves are bitter. High in vitamins and micronutrients, spider plant contributes to a healthy diet for many rural Africans with limited food budgets. Not a traditional vegetable of the Central Bantu. The leaves are eaten as a cooked green vegetable, have a mildly bitter taste and contain 5% protein, 6% carbohydrates and are high in vitamins A and C, calcium, phosphorus and iron. Spider plant is sensitive to cold and does not grow well when temperatures drop below 15 degC. There are usually narrow pathways between the beds to facilitate weeding and harvesting. When leaves are cooked, mash in pot and add oil (or cow fat). Farmers are known to take appropriate steps to adapt only when they perceive change to be taking place. Because aphid populations are generally clumped within fields, each field should be uniformly sampled. Leaves mixed with those of kandhira (Brassica carinata) are boiled, made into lumps, dried in the sun and stored in a clay pot (agulu) as a dry-season food (Luo). The highest yield was obtained when plants were transplanted at around 450,000 plants per hectare and cut every two weeks. Spider plant originated in Africa and Tropical Asia but now has a worldwide distribution. They are common in western Kenya, Nyanza and major urban markets in the country. Control of T. evansi has been a big challenge to tomato farmers due to its fast rate of reproduction, development of resistance to chemical pesticides and its ability to use weeds as alternative hosts when the tomato plants are not … Aims: Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) is one of the most important traditional vegetables in Kenya, albeit underutilized. Testing panels and farmers’ field schools were also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. Weed control at early growth stages is critical. 2013;60(6). This may be eaten with apoth (Asystasia mysorensis) as mboga. Although the plants are able to tolerate short-term drought, periods of drought will hasten development of flowers and lower the yields (AVRDC). Check the plants regularly. 2003. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. Periods of drought will hasten development of flowers and lower the yields. "Current status on production and utilization of spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) an underutilized leafy vegetable in Kenya." Cat's whiskers. (EcoPort: Wilfried Baudoin). Duration: January 2015 – January 2018. Maundu, P.M., Ngugi, G.W. Optimum yields could be obtained with an application of 20 to 30 tons of manure per hectare. Text is … Covering the seedbed with a fine-mesh material is useful to protect seedlings. The spider plant was reported to be grown mainly for home consumption (57%) and income generation (43%). It requires exposure to sunlight and does not do well in the shade. Geographical Distribution of Spider Plant in Africa. Damage may also reduce seed viability. Ladybird beetles, lacewings, hover fly larvae, parasitic wasps and naturally occurring aphid diseases are common and effective natural enemies of aphids. Next add 1/4 litre of dilute coconut milk and boil for 10 minutes. Each image is a thumb-link for more information about that plant. Among the Kisii it is mandatory for women to use this before and after childbirth, circumcised boys must eat it and it is served to important visitors (P Maundu et al., 1999). Conserve natural enemies. This project has been finalized. Spider plant exists as semi-cultivated indigenous leafy vegetable with ecological, social and cultural values in most home gardens in Kenya. They are unpleasant to look at and their webs can cause a mess. In Kenya, Latrodectus renivulvatus seems to be the only species present. New knowledge have been generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Heavy attack on older plants may cause crop loss by decreasing flower and capsule production. These leaves can be dried and stored for later use, usually as a relish eaten with maize meal. Cleome gynandra is one of the most promising African leafy vegetables consumed in most parts of Africa. It thrives on sandy loam soils but does not perform well on wet, marshy and heavy clay soils. The elongate fruit resembles a pod, but is referred to as a capsule, containing many small, dark seeds. The Spider Plant is an excellent air-purifying house plant and very easy to grow. », Please download the factsheet with interim findings of this Applied Research Fund Call 1 project. Enhancing Production, Postharvest handling, Value Addition and Marketing of Indigenous vegetables (Cowpea, Nightshade, pumpkin, Amaranth, Spider plant), Mushrooms and French Beans among Smallholder Farmers in Kenya Lead Scientist: Prof John H. Nderitu, MKU Collaborators: 1. The leaves and seeds of spider plant are used in indigenous medicine in several countries. Thinning is done three weeks after emergence to leave 10 to 15 cm between plants (EcoPort). (EcoPort) Seeds can be extracted when the pods are fully ripe (yellow or black), but before they open naturally. Mgagani (Swahili), Thageti (Kikuyu), Tsisaka (Luhya), Alot-dek (Luo), Saget (Kalenjin), Chinsaga (Kisii), Mwianzo (Kamba), Jjobyu (Luganda), Yobyu (Lusoga), African cabbage, African spider flower, African spider plant, Spider wisp, Cat's whiskers, (c) Courtesy EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org): Roger P. Ellis, Unless otherwise stated, all content on the Infonet Biovision Website is licensed under a, General Information and Agronomic Aspects, Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Disease (TYLCV), Bio-pesticide: Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis), Indigenous vegetable production and utilization, Organic Resource Management in Kenya: Perspectives and Guidelines. Eggs are laid in the soil near the host plant. After digging, the soil is harrowed to a fine tilth. Wash the leaves with clean water and cut into small pieces. The manual will therefore be useful to all stakeholders in the potato industry wishing to learn more about the crop. Onyango CM, Kunyanga CN, Ontita EG, Narla RD, Kimenju JW. Transplanting has proved unsuccessful. Ⓒ Courtesy EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org): Roger P. Ellis. Its lovely arching flower stems are best displayed as a hanging plant. Pure stands in Nairobi were observed to be attacked by flea beetles (Phyllotreta mashonana). Participatory varietal selection will be carried out with farmers and consumers in Benin and Kenya. In Kenya, it grows from sea level to 2400 metres (Savala et al, 2013). Also included under biopesticides are semiochemicals (e.g. Savala, C.E.N., Omare, M.N. Damage may be of importance when flea beetles are present in large numbers, especially during the seedling stage. 270 pp. – A banana plant takes around 8-12 months to reach maturity, while a fruit takes roughly 90-150 days to be ready for harvesting, the fruit is light green in color and has shiny appearance. (Eds.). Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars were selected in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. Kenya Electricity Hydro-Power Generation to Fall to 45% in 2014; Kenya Ranked Eighth Largest Global Geothermal Producer; State Plans Two More Hydro-Electric Power Dams On Tana River This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 18:57 (UTC). Adult wingless females are oval-bodied, 1-2 mm in body length, of very variable colour. There, find links to more plants belonging to the same family. In order to develop the best agronomic practices for higher leaf yields, the team conducted field trials with the most promising varieties in Benin. Apply a strong jet of water to dislodge aphids from attacked plants. Usually cooked with other vegetables such as cowpeas, amaranth (Luhya, Pokot, Luo) and spider plant (Pokot). Researchers are exploring the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leafyield. Variation in anthocyanin Plants can be grown on flat beds or on traditional raised beds, which are normally one m wide. This will help to select the most nutritious varieties. Young leaves of spider plant are widely used as spinach in Africa. The local names for these vegetables are chisaka, saka, thageti, esaka, chisaga and isakiat. At the top left of each page the user should find a hierarchal menu including a link to the family classification of the plant discussed. Aphids can be serious pests during dry weather. Spider plant is a poor competitor with weeds. Upscaling cultivation of Cleome gynandra in urban and peri-urban areas provides now an additional source of income for farmers and seed companies and a source of health-beneficial compounds for consumers. Rapport GTB-1130 Vegetable chains in Kenya Production and consumption of vegetables in the Nairobi metropolis Carin van der Lans1, Harriëtte Snoek2, Fannie de Boer3 and Anne Elings1 1 Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture 2 Wageningen UR Agricultural Economics Research Institute 3 Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innnovation The same analysis will be conducted in 2016 for 52 varieties selected from the collections of the University of Abomey-Calavi and the KENRIK Centre for Biodiversity. Characterization of selected spider plant accessions from Kenya and South Africa was performed in order to individuate those with distinct morphological traits for future improvement programs. List of various diseases cured by Indian Spider Plant. However, these spiders are shy, retreating, and not aggressive. Shallow cultivation or hand-pulling of weeds should be practised (Chweya and Mnzava, 1997) Spider plant responds well to well-decomposed manure. When rainfall is inadequate, frequent watering is necessary during the vegetative growth period (Chweya and Mnzava,1997; Savala et al, 2003). The team collected data about the agronomic performance as well as farmers’ perceptions on Spider plant cultivation during two growing seasons. A Beginners Guide to Onion Farming in Kenya Jul 22nd 2016 50 percent of the red onions in Kenya are imported from Tanzania, as indicated by Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO) 2014 report.... Continue reading → In western Kenya, milk is added and preferably left overnight in a pot. There are no records of plant diseases, possibly as a result of natural plant selection (EcoPort: Wilfried Baudoin). This reduces the bitterness. Add 1 teaspoon of salt then vegetables and boil over a medium fire for 10 minutes. Spider plant is commonly found throughout East and Southern Africa during the rainy season. Aphids (Myzus persicae). This crop grows rapidly and requires weeding only in the open space between the rows. This page presents a representative sample of a very few Kenya plant species. The crop grows well during the warm season under irrigation. The leaves are usually cooked when fresh but may also be dried and stored for up to two years although this practice greatly reduces the crop's nutrition value. Topping and removing inflorescences as soon as they appear are other practices that increase leaf production for harvesting. The Australian New Crops Newsletter, Issue No. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Indian Spider Plant. Concurrently, scanty information is available on its potential for vegetable and seed production. (1999). In case of a mixed cultivation with amaranths or nightshades, spider plants are uprooted to make more space for the companion crop. Root infusion used for chest pain (Makueni); vegetable a cure for constipation (Luo). Seeds should be kept in a dry, closed container for at least three months to reduce dormancy (AVRDC). The harvested shoots are kept in a bag without water during the night. Pilot farmers How Indian Spider Plant is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The spider mite Tetranychus evansi has a broad range of host plants. (AVRDC; Chweya and Mnzava, 1997). This helps reduce further infestations. (Cleomaceae) using agronomic practices to accelerate crop domestication", "Drivers of Management of Spider Plant (Gynandropsis gynandra) Across Different Socio-linguistic Groups in Benin and Togo", "A roadmap for breeding orphan leafy vegetable species: a case study of Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Launch of the spider plant project in Benin", "Better understanding of the evolution of photosynthesis with cleome research", Biosystematics Group, Wageningen University, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, KENRICK, Centre for Biodiversity, National Museums of Kenya. Okra pod, Please download the factsheet with interim spider plant production in kenya of this applied Fund... Production line at Kenya Vehicle Manufacturers limited in Thika on older plants may cause loss. ) 2. spider plant are widely used as vegetable in Kenya, a protocol a! To seed and vegetable production to the species is documented in indigenous medicine in several.... 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